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Objectives:
 
1. Examine profiles of significant figures in the history of the B&O Railroad.
2. Evaluate the contributions of each person profiled as part of the process of selecting members of a “B&O Railroad Hall of Fame”.
3. Develop arguments supporting the selection of several individuals to the Hall of Fame.
 
Where it fits into the curriculum
Topics: This lesson is useful for units aimed at teaching about the process of  expansion and industrialization during the 19th and 20th centuries.     
 




Relevant United States History Standards
 
Grades K-4
Topic One: Living and Working Together in Families and Communities, Now and Long Ago
Standard 2A: The student understands the history of his or her local community.
 
Topic Two: The History of the Students' Own State or Region 
Standard 3D: The student understands the interactions among all these groups throughout the history of his or her state.
Standard 3E: The student understands the ideas that were significant in the development of the state and that helped to forge its unique identity.
 
Grades 5-12
Era 4: Expansion and Reform (1801-1861)
Standard 2: How the industrial revolution, increasing immigration, the rapid expansion of slavery, and the westward movement changed the lives of Americans and led toward regional tensions.
Standard 2A: The student understands how the factory system and the transportation and market revolutions shaped regional patterns of economic development. 
 
Standard 6.0 Social Studies Skills and Processes:
Students shall use reading, writing, and thinking processes and skills to gain knowledge and understanding of political, historical, and current events using chronological and spatial thinking, economic reasoning, and historical interpretation, by framing and evaluating questions from primary and secondary sources.
6.0A. Read to Learn and Construct Meaning about Social Studies
Indicator 1. Use appropriate strategies and opportunities to increase understandings of social studies vocabulary
Indicator 2. Use strategies to prepare for reading (before reading)
Indicator 3. Use strategies to monitor understanding and derive meaning from text and portions of text (during reading)
Indicator 4. Use strategies to demonstrate understanding of the text (after reading)
6.0B. Write to Learn and Communicate Social Studies Understandings
Indicator 1. Use informal writing strategies, such as journal writing, note taking, quick writes, and graphic organizers to clarify, organize, remember and/or express new understandings
6.0F. Analyze Social Studies Information
1. Interpret information from primary and secondary sources
2. Evaluate information from a variety of sources
3. Synthesize information from a variety of sources
 
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