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Locating the Site

Map 1: The Goal of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad

 
The goal of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad was to connect Baltimore, Maryland with the Ohio River near Wheeling, Virginia (now part of West Virginia).  

The goal of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad was to connect Baltimore, Maryland with the Ohio River near Wheeling, Virginia (now part of West Virginia). This connection with the Ohio River enticed passengers to take the B&O Railroad because they could then head north or south along the river’s transportation networks. Although the B&O’s original goal was to head west, the directors quickly realized that a connection with the nation’s capital would be beneficial because of all the passenger travel into and from that city. The B&O was the first railroad into the nation’s capital.

Questions for Map 1:

 
  1. The locations along the B&O’s route are identified with the year that the railroad company constructed the line to that point. How many years did it take the B&O Railroad to build its line from Baltimore to Wheeling, Virginia?

  2. How long did it take the B&O to build its line from Baltimore to Washington, D.C.?

  3. Identify the common geographic characteristic located next to the cities of Baltimore, Washington, and Wheeling.

  4. There were towns located between Baltimore and the Ohio River. Which do you think came first, the railroad or the town? Give reasons for why a railroad would purposely want to go through a town, and conversely, why a town could arise as a result of the railroad’s location.
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