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Where it fits into the curriculum

 
Topics: This lesson is useful for units aimed at teaching about the role of American industry, especially the railroads, during World War II.  
Time Period:  20th century
 
Relevant United States History Standards
 
Grades K-4
Topic One: Living and Working Together in Families and Communities, Now and Long Ago
Standard 2A: The student understands the history of his or her local community.
 
Topic Two: The History of the Students' Own State or Region
Standard 3E: The student understands the ideas that were significant in the development of the state and that helped to forge its unique identity.
 
Grades 5-12 Era 8: The Great Depression and World War II (1929-1945)
Standard 3: The causes and course of World War II, the character of the war at home and abroad, and its reshaping of the U.S. role in world affairs.
 
Relevant Maryland Voluntary State Curriculum Standards for Social Studies
 
Grade 3
Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time.
3.0A. Using Geographic Tools
Indicator 1. Use geographic tools to locate and construct meaning about places on Earth
3.0C. Movement of People, Goods and Ideas
Indicator 1. Describe how transportation and communication networks link places through the movement of people, goods, and ideas
 
Standard 4.0 Economics: Students will develop economic reasoning to understand the historical development and current status of economic principles, institutions, and processes needed to be effective citizens, consumers, and workers participating in local communities, the nation, and the world.
4.0A. Scarcity and Economic Decision-making
Indicator 1. Explain that people must make choices because resources are limited relative to unlimited wants for goods and services
Indicator 3. Examine how technology affects the way people, live, work, and play
 
Standard 5.0 History: Students will examine significant ideas, beliefs, and themes; organize patterns and events; and analyze how individuals and societies have changed over time in Maryland, the United States and around the world
 
Grade 4
Standard 3.0 Geography: Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution of human activities and spatial connections throughout time.
3.0A. Using Geographic Tools
Indicator 1. Use geographic tools to locate places and describe the human and physical characteristics of those places
3.0B.Geographic Characteristics of Places and Regions
Indicator 1. Describe similarities and differences of regions by using geographic characteristics
 
Standard 4.0 Economics: Students will develop economic reasoning to understand the historical development and current status of economic principles, institutions, and processes needed to be effective citizens, consumers, and workers participating in local communities, the nation, and the world.
4.0A. Scarcity and Economic Decision-making
Indicator 1. Explain that people must make choices because resources are limited relative to economic wants for goods and services in Maryland, past and present.
Indicator 2. Explain how limited economic resources are used to produce goods and services to satisfy economic wants in Maryland.
 
Grades 3-5
Standard 6.0 Social Studies Skills and Processes: Students shall use reading, writing, and thinking processes and skills to gain knowledge and understanding of political, historical, and current events using chronological and spatial thinking, economic reasoning, and historical interpretation, by framing and evaluating questions from primary and secondary sources.
6.0A. Read to Learn and Construct Meaning about Social Studies
Indicator 1. Use appropriate strategies and opportunities to increase understandings of social studies vocabulary
Indicator 2. Use strategies to prepare for reading (before reading)
Indicator 3. Use strategies to monitor understanding and derive meaning from text and portions of text (during reading)
Indicator 4. Use strategies to demonstrate understanding of the text (after reading)
6.0B. Write to Learn and Communicate Social Studies Understandings
Indicator 1. Use informal writing strategies, such as journal writing, note taking, quick writes, and graphic organizers to clarify, organize, remember and/or express new understandings
6.0C. Ask Social Studies Questions
Indicator 1. Identify a topic that requires further study
Indicator 2. Identify a problem/situation that requires further study
6.0D. Acquire Social Studies Information
1. Identify primary and secondary sources of information that relate to the topic/situation/problem being studied
2. Engage in field work that relates to the topic/ situation/ problem being studied
6.0E. Organize Social Studies Information
1. Organize information from non-print sources
2. Organize information from print sources
6.0F. Analyze Social Studies Information
1. Interpret information from primary and secondary source
6.0G. Answer Social Studies Questions
1. Describe how the country has changed over time and how people have contributed to its change, drawing from maps, photographs, newspapers, and other sources
 
 
Objectives for students
  1. To describe role played by the railroad industry during World War II.
  2. To explain the impact of World War II on the B&O in particular and the railroad industry in general.  
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